INTRODUCTION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT IN CANADA:
In Canada, there are two primary types of public policing services. Canada's largest policing agency, is the federally mandated Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), who have federal jurisdiction, nation-wide police authority, and enforcement of federal Canadian laws; much like the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). However, due to Canada's large land mass, in communities where local policing services are not feasable due to affordability and availablilty, the RCMP contract their services at a provincial-level to provide law enforcement at a local level; especially in remote areas of the provinces. The second type of public policing in Canada is organized at a municipal level, where the local jurisdiction has their own police agency, generally in metropolitan regions of Canada with provincial oversight. For example, in the City of Vancouver, British Columbia policing is provided to Metro Vancouver by the Vancouver Police Department and the Metro Vancouver Transit Police. All municipal police officers are trained at the Police Academy at the Justice Institute of British Columbia and have provincial police authority and power through the entire Province of British Columbia.
The following map identifies the various law enforcement agencies throughout the Province of British Columbia.
B.C. Police Forces:
If your community does not have a municipal or First Nations police department then it is policed by the RCMP. Visit the RCMP website to find your local detachment or to contact the RCMP headquarters in British Columbia.
Municipal and First Nations Police Departments:
Municipal Police Departments:
Abbotsford Police Department; Central Saanich Police; Delta Police Department; Nelson Police Department; New Westminster Police Service; Oak Bay Police Department; Port Moody Police Department; Saanich Police Department; Vancouver Police Department; Victoria/Esquimalt Police Department; and West Vancouver Police Department.
First Nations Police Services:
Stl'atl'imx Tribal Police
Other Police Services:
South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service (Transit Police)
Canadian National Railway Police (Emergency: 1-800-465-9239)
Canadian Pacific Railway Police (Emergency: 1-800-716-9132)
Integrated Road Safety Units:
Integrated Road Safety Units (IRSU) use strategic traffic enforcement to reduce serious injuries and fatal collisions our roads. They are made up of full-time, dedicated traffic enforcement officers from both the RCMP and municipal police. IRSUs are located in the Lower Mainland, Fraser Valley, on Vancouver Island and in the North and Southeast districts of the province.
RETRIEVED FROM: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/justice/criminal-justice/policing-in-bc/bc-police-forces